Fatawa

Q&As on contemporary financial matters

Q&As on contemporary financial matters

What is the Zakat on a Shariah-compliant investment account based on Wakalah?

Question: What is the Zakat on a Shariah-compliant investment account based on Wakalah? In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.  The Answer: Zakat on a Shariah-compliant investment account depends on the nature of the investment. If such investments are made into Shariah-compliant money market products, the entire...
Read More

Is there Zakat on an investment in a start-up company?

Question: Is there Zakat on an investment in a start-up company? In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.  The Answer:  Zakat on a start-up depends on the underlying net Zakatable assets of the company. An investor will pay Zakat (2.5%) on the percentage of shareholding in net...
Read More

What is the Zakat liability on a fixed-term annuity?

Question: What is the Zakat liability on a fixed-term annuity? In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.  The Answer:  Zakat is not due on the total amount in a fixed annuity yet to be received. The Fiqh (jurisprudence of the answer): An annuity is a contract between you and...
Read More

How are raw materials, goods in progress and finished goods valued for Zakat?

Question: How are raw materials, inventory and finished goods valued for Zakat? In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.  The Answer: 1. Raw material – for Zakat purposes, will consider its current value (usually difficult to determine, so may use cost price alternatively)  2. Work in progress...
Read More

What is the Zakat treatment for prepaid expenses on one’s balance sheet?

Question: What is the Zakat treatment for prepaid expenses? In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.  The Answer: The prepaid sum is no longer in one’s ownership and as such, it is not Zakatable. Prepaid expenses are future expenses that have been paid in advance. In other words, prepaid expenses are costs that have...
Read More

Is Zakat due on Sukuk al-Ijarah investments?

Question: Is Zakat due on Sukuk al-Ijarah investments? In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.  The Answer: Ijarah Sukuk is based on an underlying Ijarah structure. Certificates are issued by a special purpose vehicle that entitles the holders to an ownership interest and a right to a return in proportion to...
Read More

Is Retail Forex Trading Shariah Compliant?

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. The Answer: Retail conventional Forex trading, where individuals are merely speculating on currency pairs, is non-Shariah Compliant. Brokers which offer Islamic FX accounts advertise their product with ‘no rollover/swap fees’. What is more important to determine is whether or not...
Read More

Shariah Interpretations of Bitcoin

This is an overview and my personal conclusion to an ongoing research in respect to Bitcoin. References and detailed analysis can be viewed in my previous papers. After researching the issue of Bitcoin initially and releasing papers on the topic, I have received feedback from several colleagues from the Islamic finance industry, fellow Shariah advisors...
Read More

Can a counter-party’s silence upon an offer be considered to be acceptance?

Question: Can a counter-party’s silence upon an offer be considered to be acceptance? In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.  The Answer:  The silence of the counter-party without any statement or action indicating to acceptance is not regarded as acceptance in commercial transactions[1]. The Fiqh (jurisprudence of...
Read More